Artículo aparecido en Munibe Antropologia-Arkeologia nº 65
Autor: Juan Manuel Cano Sanchiz
The cultural context generated by the mining industry works as an unifying force among mining enclaves, as well as an element of distinction in relation with the surrounding territories. The mining culture, set up as the common answer to the circumstances provided by the mine, is thereby a hallmark for the mining communities. Several agents participated in the formation of this identity system, such as the working conditions, the relation with the Death, the sense of class, the progress, the economic colonialism or the labour movement. This paper aims to track the role played by these and others elements in the construction of a specific social group: the contemporary mining people from the South of the Iberian Peninsula, as the result of hybridism between globalization and endemism. In doing so, we combine archaeological and anthropological methods on a wide range of sources of information: material culture, oral memory, written/visual historical documents and touristic guides and brochures.